Bai Shu / White Atractylodes last update 06-2014

DESCRIPTION: In irregularly plump masses, 3-13 cm long, 1.5-7 cm in diameter. Externally grayish-yellow or greyish-brown, with warty protrusions, interrupted longitudinal wrinkles and gloves, and scars of fibrous rootlets; remains of stems and bud scars attached to the apex. Texturally hard, uneasily broken, fractures uneven, yellowish-white to brownish in appearance and speckled with brownish-yellow dots of oil cavities. The material is dried by baking, and when done so, appears horny and relatively deep coloured with cracking. Odour, aromatic. Viscous on chewing.

Taste & Property: Bitter, sweet, warm. Meridians: Spleen, stomach.

ACTION: To invigorate the function of the spleen and replenish qi, to eliminate dampness by causing diuresis, to arrest excessive perspiration, and to prevent miscarriage.

INDICATIONS: Hypofunction of the spleen with anorexia, abdominal distension and diarrhea; dizziness and palpitation due to retention of phlegm and fluid; edema; spontaneous sweating; threatened abortion.

1. Invigorating qi and strengthening the spleen. As a key medicine used to invigorate qi and strengthen the spleen, it is used in cases of diarrhea or low appetite, abdominal distention, lassitude and other symptoms caused by insufficiency of the spleen-qi resulting in dysfunction of the spleen in transport.
2. Eliminating dampness to alleviate water retention. It is used in cases such as phlegm retention and edema due to water retention resulting from dysfunction of the spleen in water transport and caused by insufficiency of the spleen-qi. Bighead atractylodes rhizome is an effective medicine in treating phlegm retention and edema, defining itself by reinforcing qi to strengthen the spleen, and in eliminating dampness to alleviate water retention.
3. Suppressing sweating and preventing abortion. It is used in spontaneous perspiration due to lowered superficial resistance against diseases and threatened abortion brought on by deficiency of the spleen-qi.
It is advisable to use the raw rhizome in eliminating dampness and water retention and the soil-mixed roasted rhizome to enforce the spleen and alleviate diarrhoea. The bran-mixed roasted is suitable for replenishing qi and strengthening the spleen to relieve dryness.

TIPS: The drug is sedative to restless fetus.

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